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New Book: From Religious Empires to Secular States

From Religious Empires to Secular States State Secularization in Turkey, Iran, and Russia

By Birol Baskan


Routledge 2014 http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415743518/

In the 1920s and the 1930s, Turkey, Iran and Russia vehemently pursued state-secularizing reforms, but adopted different strategies in doing so. But why do states follow different secularizing strategies? The literature has already shattered the illusion that secularization of the state has been a unilinear, homogeneous and universal process, and has convincingly shown that secularization of the state has unfolded along different paths. Much, however, remains to be uncovered.

This book provides an in-depth comparative historical analysis of state secularization in three major Eurasian countries: Turkey, Iran and Russia. To capture the aforementioned variation in state secularization across three countries that have been hitherto analyzed as separate studies, Birol Baskan adopts three modes of state secularization: accommodationism, separationism and eradicationism. Focusing thematically on the changing relations between the state and religious institutions, Baskan brings together a host of factors, historical, strategic and structural, to account for why Turkey adopted accommodationism, Iran separationism and Russia eradicationism. In doing so, he expertly demonstrates that each secularization strategy was a rational response to the strategic context the reformers found themselves in.


1. Introduction: The Secular State and Its Three Types.

2. Mobilizing Sheikhs and Ulama: Religion and the Ottoman Empire.

3. Accommodationist State Secularization in Republican Turkey.

4. Appeasing the Ulama: Religion and the State in Iran.

5. Separationist State Secularization in Pahlavi Iran.

6 Taming the Church: Religion and the Russian Empire.

7. Eradicationist State Secularization in Soviet Union.

8. Conclusion: The Fates of Three Models of Secular States.

Birol Baskan is an assistant professor of government at Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Qatar. He holds a PhD in political science from Northwestern University. His research looks at state-regime-religion relations in the Middle East.


New Book: Religion and Immigration

Religion and Immigration: Migrant Faiths in North America and Western Europe Peter Kivisto ISBN: 978-0-7456-4170-6 206 pages August 2014, Polity




This concise book provides readers with a comprehensive overview and critical assessment of the key issues and varied strands of research relating to immigration and religion that have been produced during the past two decades.

Religion, once a neglected topic in migration studies, is today seen as a crucially important aspect of the immigrant experience. For some - particularly those focusing on religion in North America - religion has been portrayed as a vital resource for many immigrants engaged in the essential identity work required in adjusting to the receiving society. For others - particularly those who have focused on Muslim immigrants in Western Europe - religion tends to be depicted as a source of conflict rather than one of comfort and consolation.

In a judicious, engaging, and highly readable account, this book sorts through these competing viewpoints, pointing to an approach that will assist upper-level students and scholars alike in putting these competing analyses into perspective. Table of Contents


Chapter 1: Introduction: Religion on the Move Chapter 2: Immigrant Identity Work and Religion Chapter 3: Reframing Religious Organizations and Practices Chapter 4: Immigrants and Transnational Religious Networks Chapter 5: Church-State Relations and the Public Sphere Chapter 6: Epilogue References

Author Information

Peter Kivisto is Richard Swanson Professor of Social Thought and Chair of the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Welfare at Augustana College. He is also editor of The Sociological Quarterly.


Sociology of Islam: Special Issue on the Gulen Movement

Sociology of Islam Journal

A Special Issue on the Gülen Movement

Volume 1, Issue 3-4, 2014


Perspectives on the Gülen Movement - Authors: Gary Wood ; Tugrul Keskin, pp 127 –130

Approaching a Sociology of Fethullah Gülen - Author: Joshua D. Hendrick, pp 131 –144

“Is Hizmet Liberal?” Mediations and Disciplines of Islam and Liberalism among Gülen Organizations in Istanbul - Author: Jeremy F. Walton, pp 145 –164

The Netherlands and the Gülen movement - Author: Martin van Bruinessen, pp 165 –187

The Sohbet: Talking Islam in Turkey - Author: Smita Tewari Jassal, pp 188 –208

Said Nursi’s Notion of ‘Sacred Science’: Its Function and Application in Hizmet High School Education - Authors: Caroline Tee ; David Shankland, pp 209 –232

Translocal Ethics: Hizmet Teachers and the Formation of Gülen-inspired Schools in Urban Tanzania - Author: Kristina Dohrn, pp 233 –256

What is the Hizmet Movement? Contending Approaches to the Analysis of Religious Activists In World Politics - Author: Sabine Dreher, pp 257 –275


New Book: The Awakening of Muslim Democracy

The Awakening of Muslim Democracy Religion, Modernity, and the State

Jocelyne Cesari Cambridge University Press, April 2014



Why and how did Islam become such a political force in so many Muslim-majority countries? In this book, Jocelyne Cesari investigates the relationship between modernization, politics, and Islam in Muslim-majority countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Tunisia, and Turkey – countries that were founded by secular rulers and have since undergone secularized politics. Cesari argues that nation-building processes in these states have not created liberal democracies in the Western mold, but have instead spurred the politicization of Islam by turning it into a modern national ideology. Looking closely at examples of Islamic dominance in political modernization – for example, nationalization of Islamic institutions and personnel under state ministries; reliance on Islamic references in political discourse, religiously motivated social unrest, or violence; and internationalization of Islam-aligned political movements or conflicts – this study provides a unique overview of the historical and political developments from the end of World War II to the Arab Spring that have made Islam the dominant force in the construction of the modern states, and discusses Islam's impact on emerging democracies in the contemporary Middle East.

Table of Contents

Part I. The Making of Islam as a Modern Religion: 1. Modernization and politicization of religion 2. Nation-state building and the inclusion of Muslim polities within the Westphalian order 3. Islam in the constitution 4. Nationalization of Islamic institutions and clerics 5. Islam in the legal system 6. Teaching Islam in public schools Part II. Islamism as the Central Political Force Pre- and Post-Arab Spring: 7. Political opposition through Islamic institutions 8. Ideological strength of Islamist opposition 9. From martyrs to rulers Part III. The Disjunction of Democracy and Secularism – Lessons Learned from the Arab Spring: 10. The rise of unsecular democracies: the conundrum of religious freedom in Muslim democracies 11. The way forward: the role of Islam in future democratizations Conclusion. The tragedy of modernity.

Jocelyne Cesari, CNRS-Paris; Harvard University

Jocelyne Cesari is visiting professor of government and senior research fellow at the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs at Georgetown University.


New Book: Religion, Identity and Human Security

Giorgio Shani (2014) Religion, Identity and Human Security Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-50906-0


Religion, Identity and Human Security seeks to demonstrate that a major source of human insecurity comes from the failure of states around the world to recognize the increasing cultural diversity of their populations which has resulted from globalization. Shani begins by setting out the theoretical foundations, dealing with the transformative effects of globalization on identity, violence and security. The second part of the volume then draws on different cases of sites of human insecurity around the globe to develop these ideas, examining themes such as:

  • securitization of religious symbols
  • retreat from multiculturalism
  • rise of exclusivist ethno-religious identities post- 9/11
  • state religion, colonization and the ‘racialization’ of migration

Highlighting that religion can be a source of both human security and insecurity in a globalizing world, Shani offers a ‘critical’ human security paradigm that seeks to de-secularize the individual by recognizing the culturally contested and embedded nature of human identities. The work argues that religion serves an important role in re-embedding individuals deracinated from their communities by neo-liberal globalization and will be of interest to students of International Relations, Security Studies and Religion and Politics.


'Politics and Religion Journal' special issue on 'Terrorism from the View of Muslims'

Politics and Religion Journal New Issue Volume VIII (No. 1) - Spring 2014

Table of Contents


Labeed Ahmed Bsoul: Classical and Contemporary Muslim Juridical Views of Terrorism

Yousef M. Aljamal: Hamas: Terrorism Organization or Liberation Movement?

Abd al - Fattah M. El - Awaisi: A Muslim Model for Peaceful Co - Existence and Mutual Respect

Jilani Ben Touhami Mefttah, Mohammed Hussain Ahmad: Erroneous Similarities Between the Concept of Jihad and the Concept of Terrorism: A Qur'anic Perceptive

Bouzerzour Zoubir: Jihad as a Source of Terrorism. Reality or Propaganda


Daud Abdul, Fattah Batchelorte: Post 'Arab - Spring': Beneficial Lessons in Governance from Recent Events in in Egypt and Tunisia

Khedija Arfaoui, Jane Tchaicha: Governance, Women, and the New Tunisia

For direct access to the articles: http://www.politicsandreligionjournal.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=6&Itemid=3&lang=en


Cfp: Between East and West - Youth, Religion and Politics

Latvian Society for the Study of Religion 2nd International Scientific Conference

BETWEEN EAST AND WEST: Youth, Religion and Politics

16-17 October, 2014 Riga, Latvia


The Latvian Society for the Study of Religions in cooperation with the University of Latvia and Daugavpils University announces the international scientific conference "Between East and West: Youth, Religion and Politics". We welcome both junior and senior scholars from a wide range of academic disciplines and fields which highlight interconnection between youth, religion and politics. Papers could include different epistemologies, varying theoretical backgrounds, qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and a wide range of empirical data.

Suggestions for contributions include but are not limited to:

- Theoretical and methodological issues relating to intersections between religious studies and youth studies - Role of religion in shaping political understandings of youth - Religiously inspired political activity of young people - Sacralisation of the youth cultures - Youth and religiosity - Youth in searching for new models of religion - Dynamics of religious radicalization/universalization of young people - "Youth religion" as a distinct religious consciousness - Political discourses of "youth religion"

Presentation should last 20 minutes with 10 minutes for discussion. Papers are invited in English.

Important dates: Submission of proposals -June 1, 2014 Notification of acceptance -June 15, 2014 Publication of the program - September 15, 2014

If you have questions concerning the academic program or the general organization of the conference, please contact the Latvian Society for the Study of Religions by mail: janis.priede.hzf@lu.lv


New Book: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics Editor-in-chief: Emad El-Din Shahin, Editorial board member: Peri J. Bearman, Editorial board member: Sohail H. Hashmi, Editorial board member: Khaled Keshk, and Editorial board member: Joseph A. Kechichian


OUP USA 1248 pages | 254x178mm 978-0-19-973935-6 | Hardback | 27 February 2014

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics provides in-depth coverage of the political dimensions of Islam and the Muslim world. Developments in Muslim societies in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have highlighted the need for a major reference work focusing primarily on these dimensions. The realization of internal decay and relentless quest for reform, the collapse of the Islamic caliphate, the fall of most parts of the Muslim world under western colonialism, the emergence of nation-states, the dominance of secular ideologies, the rise of Islamic revivalist movements and faith-based political, economic, and social alternatives, the confrontation between Islamic movements and secular inspired regimes have constituted major turning points in the contemporary history of Muslim societies. At no time has the understanding of the nature and implications of these developments been needed more.


New Book: Global Religious Movements Across Borders

Global Religious Movements Across Borders: Sacred Service Edited by Stephen M. Cherry and Helen Rose Ebaugh Ashgate, 2014

Series : Ashgate Inform Series on Minority Religions and Spiritual Movements



From global missionizing among proselytic faiths to mass migration through religious diasporas, religion has traveled from one side of the world and back again. It continues to play a prominent role in shaping world politics and has been a vital force in the continued emergence, spread, and creation of a transnational civil society.

Exploring how religious roots are shaping organizations that seek to aid people across political and geographic boundaries - 'service movements' - this book focuses on how religious movements establish structures to assist people with basic human needs such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health. Examining a multitude of faith traditions with origins in different parts of the world, seven contributing chapters, with an introduction and conclusions by the senior author, offer a unique discussion of the intersections between religious transnationalism and social movements.


Preface, Helen Rose Ebaugh

Introduction to religious and global transnational service movements, Stephen M. Cherry

The Redeemed Christian Church of God: African Pentecostalism, Afe Adogame

The Gulen Movement: Sunni Islam, Helen Rose Ebaugh

Soka Gakkai International: Nichiren Japanese Buddhism, Daniel A. Métraux

BAPS Swaminarayan Community: Hinduism, Arun Brahmbhatt

The Gawad Kalinga Movement: charismatic Catholicism, Stephen M. Cherry

Aga Khan development network: Shia Ismaili Islam, Karim H. Karim

Bahá'í international community: Bahá'í faith, Mike McMullen

Studying global transnational religious service movements, Stephen M. Cherry


New Book: Islam, Democracy, and Cosmopolitanism

Islam, Democracy, and Cosmopolitanism At Home and in the World

Ali Mirsepassi and Tadd Graham Fernée

Cambridge University Press, 2014



This book presents a critical study of citizenship, state, and globalization in societies that have been historically influenced by Islamic traditions and institutions. Interrogating the work of contemporary theorists of Islamic modernity such as Mohammed Arkoun, Abdul an-Na'im, Fatima Mernissi, Talal Asad, Saba Mahmood, and Aziz Al-Azmeh, this book explores the debate on Islam, democracy, and modernity, contextualized within contemporary Muslim lifeworlds. These include contemporary Turkey (following the 9/11 attacks and the onset of war in Afghanistan), multicultural France (2009–10 French burqa debate), Egypt (the 2011 Tahrir Square mass mobilizations), and India. Ali Mirsepassi and Tadd Ferneé critique particular counterproductive ideological conceptualizations, voicing an emerging global ethic of reconciliation. Rejecting the polarized conceptual ideals of the universal or the authentic, the authors critically reassess notions of the secular, the cosmopolitan, and democracy. Raising questions that cut across the disciplines of history, anthropology, sociology, and law, this study articulates a democratic politics of everyday life in modern Islamic societies.

Introduction: citizenship, state, and globalization 1. Ways of being in the world: religion and secularism 2. Islams and modernities: Al-Azmeh's secular critique 3. Talal Asad's romance with Islamism 4. Arkoun's The Unthought in Islamic Thought 5. An-Na'im's Islamic reformation: the reconciliation of equality of rights and the Shari'a 6. Fatima Mernissi: 'locally' rooted cosmopolitanism Conclusion.


New Book: Quand le religieux fait conflit

Quand le religieux fait conflit. Désaccords, négociations ou arrangements


Edited by Anne-Sophie Lamine (Professor of sociology, Université de Strasbourg), Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 23 janvier 2014, 240 p., 16 €

This book offers an original, groundbreaking and analytical view of various religious antagonism in France and in Europe. The investigations were carried out in places such as prisons, schools, mosques, pentecostal churches, cemetaries, or on practices such as hallal food, martial arts, direct sale or judo-buddhism. The sociological approach enlighten regulation and negociation modes and reaveals a wide range of compromise or adjustment opportunities.

(Cet ouvrage propose une lecture inédite et analytique des antagonismes religieux en s’appuyant sur une série d’enquêtes dans des lieux aussi variés que des prisons, des collèges, des mosquées, des églises pentecôtistes ou des cimetières, sur des pratiques aussi diverses que l’alimentation halal, le judéo-bouddhisme, les arts martiaux ou la vente directe. Le regard sociologique éclaire les modes de régulation et de négociation et révèle l’existence de nombreuses possibilités de compromis et d’ajustement)

Avec le soutien de l’Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR, programme thématique « Conflit(s), guerre(s), violence ») et de la maison inter-universitaire des sciences de l’homme Alsace (MISHA, programme thématique « Formes et enjeux du pluralisme religieux »).

Content - Pouvoirs publics et régulation du religieux : identité nationale et religion(s) civile(s) - La pluralité religieuse dans les établissements et services publics : tensions, pragmatisme et ajustements - Conflits intra- et inter-religieux : solidarité sans consensus et identités en concurrence - Comment les frontières du religieux révèlent les frontières symboliques d’une société

Co-authors : Balas Marie. Becci Irène. Bouzar Dounia. Donnet Claire. Fath Sébastien. Husson Jean-François. Illy Yannick. Kim Hui-Yeon. Knobel Brigitte. Lamine Anne-Sophie. Lorcerie Françoise. Luca Nathalie. Niculescu Mira. Rodier Christine. Sarg Rachel. Vivarelli Clémentine.

View this title online at : http://www.pur-editions.fr/detail.php?idOuv=3387


New Book: Religions as Brands

Religions as Brands - New Perspectives on the Marketization of Religion and Spirituality

Layout 1

Edited by Jean-Claude Usunier and Jörg Stolz, both at Université de Lausanne, Switzerland

During the twentieth century, religion has gone on the market place. Churches and religious groups are forced to 'sell god' in order to be attractive to 'religious consumers'. More and more, religions are seen as 'brands' that have to be recognizable to their members and the general public. This interdisciplinary book treats new developments in three fields that have hitherto evolved rather independently: (1) the commoditization of religion, (2) the link between religion and consumer behaviour, and (3) the economics of religion.

View this title online at: www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781409467557


Special issue on "Religion, the Russian Nation and the State".

A special issue of Religion, State and Society (2013, Volume 41, Issue 3) on “Religion, the Russian Nation and the State: Domestic and International Dimensions”,

Table of contents.

Edited by Jerry G. Pankhurst (Wittenberg University in Springfield, Ohio) and Alar Kilp (University of Tartu).

The special issue is resulting from selected papers presented at the workshop “Religion, Politics and Policy-making in Russia: Domestic and International Dimensions“ organized by the Centre for EU-Russia Studies (CEURUS) at the University of Tartu in 6-7 June, 2012. It includes papers from keynote speakers of the workshop.


Politics and Religion Journal - New Issue

A new issue of Politics and Religion Journal (PRJ) is now available.

Information about the new issue is available at http://ipsa.org/news/journal/politics-and-religion-journal-prj-4?allblocks=1

Also, you can directly access to the articles by following this link.


New Book: Religious Fundamentalism in the Middle East

Religious Fundamentalism in the Middle East

A Cross-National, Inter-Faith, and Inter-Ethnic Analysis

Mansoor Moaddel, Eastern Michigan University and Stuart A. Karabenick, University of Michigan


In Religious Fundamentalism in the Middle East, Moaddel and Karabenick analyze fundamentalist beliefs and attitudes across nations (Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia), faith (Christianity and Islam), and ethnicity (Azari-Turks, Kurds, and Persians among Iranians), using comparative survey data. For them, fundamentalism is not just a set of religious beliefs. It is rather a set of beliefs about and attitudes toward whatever religious beliefs one has. In this analysis, the authors show that fundamentalist beliefs and attitudes vary across national contexts and individual characteristics, and predict people's orientation toward the same set of historical issues that were the concerns of fundamentalist intellectual leaders and activists. The authors' analysis reveals a "cycle of spirituality" that reinforces the critical importance of taking historical and cultural contexts into consideration to understand the role of religious fundamentalism in contemporary Middle Eastern societies.


New Book: The Burqa Affair Across Europe

The Burqa Affair Across Europe: Between Public and Private Space

Edited by Alessandro Ferrari, University of Insubria, Italy and Sabrina Pastorelli, University of Milan, Italy - Series : Cultural Diversity and Law in Association with RELIGARE - Ashgate, 2013



In recent years, the wearing of the full-face veil or burqa/niqab has proved a controversial issue in many multi-cultural European societies. Focussing on the socio-legal and human rights angle, this volume provides a useful comparative perspective on how the issue has been dealt with across a range of European states as well as at European institutional level. In so doing, the work draws a theoretical framework for the place of religion between public and private space. With contributions from leading experts from law, sociology and politics, the book presents a comparative and interdisciplinary approach to one of the most contentious and symbolic issues of recent times.


New Publication: Democratization Special issue on "Religiously Oriented Parties and Democratization"


Special issue: Religiously Oriented Parties and Democratization

Volume 20, Issue 5, 2013

The below Table of Contents is available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/fdem20/20/5#.UlQeF1L5IZQ

Introduction: religiously oriented parties and democratization

Luca Ozzano and Francesco Cavatorta

The many faces of the political god: a typology of religiously oriented parties

Luca Ozzano

The perils of polarization and religious parties: the democratic challenges of political fragmentation in Israel and Turkey

Sultan Tepe

Moderation through exclusion? The journey of the Tunisian Ennahda from fundamentalist to conservative party

Francesco Cavatorta and Fabio Merone

Refining the moderation thesis. Two religious parties and Indian democracy: the Jana Sangh and the BJP between Hindutva radicalism and coalition politics

Christophe Jaffrelot

Ahab and the white whale: the contemporary debate around the forms of Catholic political commitment in Italy

Alberta Giorgi

Religious parties in Chile: the Christian Democratic Party and the Independent Democratic Union

Juan Pablo Luna, Felipe Monestier and Fernando Rosenblatt

Religion and democratization in Northern Ireland: is religion actually ethnicity in disguise?

Eoin O'Malley & Dawn Walsh

Conclusion: reassessing the relation between religion, political actors, and democratization

Luca Ozzano & Francesco Cavatorta


New Book: Sites and Politics of Religious Diversity in Southern Europe

Sites and Politics of Religious Diversity in Southern Europe

Edited by Ruy Blanes and José Mapril


In recent years, the Southern borders of Europe have become landmarks for the mediatic and academic verve regarding the migration and diasporas towards and beyond ‘Schengen Europe’. In these debates, religion is acknowledged as playing a central role in the recognition of major societal changes in the continent, being object of political concern and attention: from the recognition of plural forms of Christianity to the debates on a ‘European Islam’. Yet, in this respect, what goes on around the borders of Portugal, Spain, Italy or Greece is still largely uncharted and un-debated. With the contribution of renowned anthropologists, sociologists and religious studies scholars, this book critically presents and discusses case studies on the sites and politics of religious diversity in Southern Europe, including the impact of migrant religiosity in national and EU politics. More info at: http://www.brill.com/sites-and-politics-religious-diversity-southern-europe


New Publication: The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics Edited by John L. Esposito and Emad El-Din Shahin

Oxford University Press, October 2013




Over the past three decades, scholars, government analysts and terrorism experts have examined the relationship between Islam and politics. But specialists have tended to limit their analysis to a specific country or focus. Few works have provided a geographically comprehensive, in-depth analysis. Since 9/11, another wave of literature on political Islam and global terrorism has appeared, much of it superficial and sensationalist. This situation underscores the need for a comprehensive, analytical, and in-depth examination of Islam and politics in the post-9/11 era and in an increasingly globalizing world. The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics, with contributions from prominent scholars and specialists, provides a comprehensive analysis of what we know and where we are in the study of political Islam. It enables scholars, students, and policymakers to understand the interaction of Islam and politics and the multiple and diverse roles of Islamic movements, as well as issues of authoritarianism and democratization, religious extremism and terrorism regionally and globally.

Table of Contents

- Part One: Major Themes

Chapter 1: The Shari`a - Khaled Abou El Fadl

Chapter 2: Salafiya, Modernism, and Revival - Abdullah Saeed

Chapter 3: Islamic Reform between Islamic Law and the Nation-State - Sherman A. Jackson

Chapter 4: Political Islam and the State - John O. Voll

Chapter 5: Islam and Democracy - Nader Hashemi

Chapter 6: The Political Economy of Islam and Politics - Tarek Masoud

Chapter 7: Political Islam and Gender - Margot Badran

- Part Two: Islamic Ideologues, Activists, and Intellectuals

Chapter 8: Hassan Al-Banna - Ahmad Moussalli

Chapter 9: Mawlana Mawdudi - Joshua T. White and Niloufer Siddiqui

Chapter 10: Sayyid Qutb - Shahrough Akhavi

Chapter 11: Ali Shari'ati - Shahrough Akhavi

Chapter 12: Ayatollah Khomenei - Mojtaba Mahdavi

Chapter 13: Hassan al-Turabi - Peter Woodward

Chapter 14: Rashid al-Ghannoushi - Azzam Tamimi

Chapter 15: Yusuf al-Qaradawi - Bettina Gräf

Chapter 16: Muhammad Khatami - Mahmoud Sadri and Ahmad Sadri

Chapter 17: Abdolkarim Soroush - Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

- Part Three: Islam and Politics Around the World

Chapter 18: Islam and Politics in North America - Abdullah A. Al-Arian

Chapter 19: Islam and Politics in Europe - Sam Cherribi

Chapter 20: Islam and Politics in the Middle East - Moataz A. Fattah

Chapter 21: Islam and Politics in Central Asia - Shireen Hunter

Chapter 22: Islam and Politics in South Asia - Irfan Ahmad

Chapter 23: Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia - Fred R. von der Mehden

Chapter 24: Islam and Politics in North Africa - Azzedine Layachi

Chapter 25: Islam and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa - Leonardo A. Villalón

- Part Four: The Dynamics of Islam in Politics

Chapter 26: Political Islam in Iran - William O. Beeman

Chapter 27: Political Islam in Saudi Arabia - Natana J. Delong-Bas

Chapter 28: Political Islam in Turkey - Ibrahim Kalin

Chapter 29: Political Islam in Sudan - Abdelwahab al-Effendi

Chapter 30: Political Islam in Afghanistan - M. Nazif Shahrani

Chapter 31: The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt - Tarek Masoud

Chapter 32: Hamas - Beverley Milton-Edwards

Chapter 33: Hizbollah - Bassel F. Salloukh and Shoghig Mikaelian

Chapter 34: Islamic Movements in Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia - Michael J. Willis

Chapter 35: The Islamic Action Front in Jordan - Shadi Hamid

Chapter 36: Nahdatul Ulama in Indonesia - Andrée Feillard

Chapter 37: Jamaat-i-Islami in Pakistan and Bangladesh - Kamran Bokhari

Chapter 38: Islamic Movements in Malaysia - Fred R. von der Mehden

Chapter 39: Al-Jama`a al-Islamiya and al-Jihad Group in Egypt - Nael Shama

Chapter 40: Jihadists in Iraq - David Romano

Chapter 41: Al-Qaida and its Affiliates - Jason Burke


New Book: Religion and Civil Society in Europe

Religion and Civil Society in Europe


J. de Hart, The Netherl. Inst. for Soc. Res. (SCP), The Hague, Netherlands; P. Dekker, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands; L. Halman, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands (Eds.)

Religion is back again in Europe after never having been gone. It is manifest in the revival of religious institutions and traditions in former communist countries, in political controversies about the relationship between the church(es) and the state and about the freedom of religion and the freedom to criticize religion, and in public unease about religious minorities. This book is about religion and civil society in Europe. It moves from general theoretical and normative approaches of this relationship, via the examination of national patterns of religion-state relations, to in-depth analyses of the impact of religion and secularization on the values, pro-social attitudes and civic engagement of individuals. It covers Europe from the Lutheran North to the Catholic South, and from the secularized West to the Orthodox East and Islamic South-East with comparative analyses and country studies, concluding with an overall Europe-USA comparison.


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